5000 series aluminum alloy

11,118 Views 2023-10-31 08:19:29

Alloy 5005, 5052, 5083, 5086, 5454, 5754, etc.
Temper O, H12, H14, H16, H18, H22, H24, H26, H32, H112
Thickness 0.1-500mm, Customize
Size 4×8′, 5×10′, 1000*2000mm, 1000*1500mm, 1500 x 3000mm, Customize
Surface Mill Finish, Polished, Brushed, Checkered, Embossed, Colored, Diamond, etc.
Port Shanghai, Qingdao
Currency USD, EUR, RMB
Whatsapp E-mail Contact

5000 series aluminum alloy introduction

5000 series aluminum alloy belongs to the more commonly used alloy aluminum series. The main element is magnesium, and the magnesium content is between 3-5%. It can also be called al-mg alloy. The main features are low density, high tensile strength and high elongation. The weight of aluminum-magnesium alloy is lower than other series under the same area.

5000 series aluminum alloy

5000 series aluminum alloy

5000 series aluminum alloys are commonly used in aviation, such as aircraft fuel tanks. It is also widely used in conventional industries.

The processing technology is continuous casting and rolling, and it belongs to the hot-rolled aluminum plate series, so it can be used for deep oxidation processing. In my country, the 5000 series aluminum plate is one of the more mature aluminum plate series.

5000 series aluminum alloy represents 5052, 5005, 5083, 5086, 5454, 5754 aluminum alloy, etc.

Compared with 1000 series and 3000 series aluminum alloy, 5000 series aluminum alloys are also non-heat-treatable alloys, but with higher strength and excellent corrosion resistance.

Comparison of chemical composition of 5000 series aluminum alloy

Grade Chemical composition (Quality score)(%) Remarks
Si Fe Cu Mn Mg Cr Ni Zn Ti Zr Others Al (Previous grade)
(Silicon) (Iron) (Copper) (Manganese) (Magnesium) (Chromium) (Nickel) (Zinc) (Titanium) (Zirconium) Per pc Total (Aluminum)
5005 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.50~1.1 0.1 0.25 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg1
5050 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.1 1.1~1.8 0.1 0.25 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg1.5
5251 0.4 0.5 0.15 0.10~0.50 1.7~2.4 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder
5052 0.25 0.4 0.1 0.1 2.2~2.8 0.15~0.35 0.1 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg2.5
5154 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1 3.1~3.9 0.15~0.35 0.2 0.2 0.05 0.15 remainder
5454 0.25 0.4 0.1 0.50~1.0 2.4~3.0 0.05~0.20 0.25 0.2 0.05 0.15 remainder
5754 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.5 2.6~3.6 0.3 0.2 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg3
5056 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.05~0.20 4.55.6 0.05~0.20 0.1 0 0.15 remainder LF5-1
5356 0.25 0.4 0.1 0.05~0.20 4.5~5.5 0.05~0.20 0.1 0.06~0.20 0.05 0.15 remainder
5456 0.25 0.4 0.1 0.50~1.0 4.7~5.5 0.05~0.20 0.25 0.2 0.05 0.15 remainder
5082 0.2 0.35 0.15 0.15 4.0~5.0 0.15 0.25 0.1 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg4.5
5182 0.2 0.35 0.15 0.20~0.50 4.0~5.0 0.1 0.25 0.1 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg5Mn
5083 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.40~1.0 4.0~4.9 0.05~0.25 0.25 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder LF4
5183 0.4 0.4 0.01 0.50~1.0 4.3~5.2 0.05~0.25 0.25 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder
5086 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.20~0.7 3.5~4.5 0.05~0.25 0.25 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder AlMg4Mn

Physical Properties

  • Density: 2.63-2.73 g/cm³
  • Linear expansion coefficient: 22.2-24.2 μm/m·K
  • Melting point: about 560-640 ℃
  • Thermal conductivity: about 120-160 W/m·K
  • Electrical conductivity: about 34-40 MS/m
  • Elastic modulus: 70-76 GPa

Mechanical properties of common 5000 series aluminum alloy

Alloy Type Density (g/cm³) Melting Point (℃) Linear Expansion Coefficient (μm/m·K) Thermal Conductivity (W/m·K) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Tensile Strength (MPa) Yield Strength (MPa) Elongation (%)
5052 2.68 607 – 650 23.8 120 – 140 70 195 – 305 95 – 240 1 – 12
5083 2.65 570 – 640 23.5 110 – 140 72 270 – 365 125 – 280 2 – 10
5086 2.66 570 – 650 23.5 120 – 140 69 240 – 325 95 – 240 3 – 10
5754 2.66 600 – 640 21.5 120 – 150 70 190 – 270 80 – 220 4 – 12
5454 2.66 585 – 635 21.5 120 – 150 70 220 – 305 105 – 245 1 – 10

Mechanical properties of commercial AlMg alloys

Alloy Condition Hardness
A (%)
Stress relieved
1% Mg,
1% Mn
Stress relieved
2-3% Mg,
0-2% Zn
Sand cast
PM cast
Stress relieved
5-7% Mg Sand cast
PM cast
Stress relieved
8-12% Mg Sand cast
PM die cast
Stress relieved
Heat treated

Typical characteristics of 5000 series aluminum alloys

Features: Mainly made of magnesium, it has good corrosion resistance. It has good welding performance and good fatigue resistance. It cannot be strengthened by heat treatment and can only be strengthened by cold working.

Alloys with high strength and excellent formability equal to that of cold rolled steel.

Scope of application: Commonly used in manufacturing marine engineering, oil tanks, ships, automobile manufacturing, building materials and other fields.

Feasibility of anodizing: 5xxx series aluminum alloy, also known as aluminum-magnesium alloy, is a widely used aluminum alloy system with good corrosion resistance and good weldability. This series of aluminum alloys can be anodized. If the magnesium content is too high, When it is high, its brightness is not enough. Typical aluminum alloy grade: 5052

Introduction to common grades of 5000 series aluminum alloy

Typical grades of 5000 series aluminum alloy include 5005 aluminum, 5052 aluminum, 5083 aluminum, 5754 aluminum, etc. The following is a detailed introduction to these aluminum alloy grades:

5005 aluminum

5005 aluminum alloy is a medium strength aluminum alloy with a small amount of magnesium as its primary alloying element.

5005 aluminum alloy has good formability, and may be suitable for applications that require bending, spinning, drawing, stamping and roll forming.

5005 aluminum sheet is often used for applications that require an anodized finish.

5005 aluminum alloy coil

5005 aluminum alloy coil

Characteristics of 5005 aluminum alloy


5005 has excellent formability, especially in softer tempers. SAF carriers 5005 H34 temper which is slightly harder and is comparable to 5052 H32 for forming.


5005 alloy is noted for excellent welding characteristics. When 5005 material will be welded and then anodized, SAF recommends a 5356 welding wire for best color uniformity. Weld discoloration can still occur, but it is less severe than other welding alloys.

Can be welded using TIG and MIG methods

Corrosion resistance

The atmospheric corrosion resistance of 5005 aluminum is similar to that of 3003.

Anodizing performance

When anodized to improve corrosion resistance, the film on 5005 is clearer than on 3003, and gives better color match with 6063 architectural extrusions.

5052 aluminum

Aluminum 5052 is a non-heat treatable alloy with excellent finishing qualities.

Aluminum 5052 offers better corrosion resistance than most aluminum alloys, especially to salt water and marine atmospheres.

5052 aluminum alloy can be readily welded using most common techniques and is in fact offers some of the best welding characteristics of all aluminum alloys.

5052 aluminum alloy is the most widely used alloy among the 5000 series aluminum alloys.

Applications of 5052 aluminum alloy

  • Cooking utensils
  • Food processing equipment
  • Storage tanks
  • Truck and trailer components
  • Electronic chassis
  • Mailboxes
  • Boating
  • Auto industry components and body panels
  • Ladders
  • Milk crates
  • Fencing
  • Appliances
  • Sheet metal parts

5083 aluminum

The 5083 grade aluminum has the highest strength of all non-heat treatable alloys, but is not as strong or hard as the more common 6082 grade.

Aluminum 5083 is primarily available in plate form, most commonly in O condition.

5083 aluminum also goes by the following names:

  • GM41
  • A95083
  • A1 MG4.5Mn
  • A1mg4.5 Mn0.7

Characteristics of 5083 aluminum alloy

Corrosion resistance

Grade 5083 aluminum offers truly outstanding resistance to chemical and atmospheric attack. 5083 Aluminum performs particularly well in seawater/brine water and is often referred to as marine grade aluminum.


Grade 5083 aluminum has excellent weldability and retains much of its strength after welding. Please note that grade 5083 aluminum is not suitable for operation at temperatures above 65 degrees Celsius.

5000 series aluminum alloy packaged

5000 series aluminum alloy packaged


Machining of 5083-O grade aluminum is not recommended. If machining is required, grade 6082 is usually a more suitable choice.

Cold working/forming

Grade 5083-O is suitable for bending, folding and cold working.

Anodized/Polished/Powder Coated

Grade 5083-O aluminum is ideal for protective, color and bright anodizing. It is particularly suitable for hard anodizing. It is also suitable for polishing and powder coating.

For more information see:5083 aluminum sheet

5754 aluminum

Grade 5754 is a medium strength alloy. In comparison, it’s not as strong as level 6082 or 5083, but 5754 is stronger than level 5251.

Grade 5754 is most commonly used in the production of aluminum 5-bar checkerboard (commonly known as aluminum checkerboard). Typically aluminum tread plates are made from grade 5754 aluminum in H114 condition – semi-rigid.

5754 aluminum alloy sheet with blue films

5754 aluminum alloy sheet with blue films

5754 aluminum alloy features

Corrosion resistance

Like other 5000 Series grades, 5754 H111 aluminum offers excellent resistance to chemical and atmospheric attack. Grade 5754 Aluminum performs particularly well in seawater/brine water and is often referred to as marine grade aluminum. This makes grade 5754 aluminum grating the perfect grade for walkways and floors on boats.


Grade 5754 aluminium sheet plate is suitable for gas, arc and resistance welding.


The machinability of grade 5754 aluminum is below average.

Cold working/forming

Grade 5754 pattern board is ideal for cold working. It is a fully bendable aluminum designed so that it will not crack or split during the folding process, making it ideal for making platforms, steps, trays and more.

Anodized/Polished/Powder Coated

Grade 5754 aluminum is ideal for all types of anodizing, powder coating, and can also be polished.

Applications of 5000 series aluminum alloy

5000 series aluminum alloy is an aluminum alloy with high strength and good corrosion resistance, suitable for manufacturing components and structural parts in fields such as aviation, aerospace, marine, automotive, railway transportation, construction, and mechanical equipment.

5000 series aluminum alloy applications

5000 series aluminum alloy applications


5000 series aluminum is a commonly used material in the aviation and aerospace industry, suitable for manufacturing aircraft body, wing, truss, wing and engine components, etc.


5000 series aluminum is also widely used in automotive production, which can manufacture car body, frame, door, wheel, engine components, transmission systems, and chassis, etc. It can improve the lightweight, fuel economy, and safety performance of vehicles.


5000 series aluminum can be used to manufacture building doors and windows, curtain walls, ceilings, wall panels, and other building decoration materials. It can also manufacture structural components such as bridges and railway transportation facilities, with good corrosion resistance and strength.


5000 series aluminum is also suitable for manufacturing ship hulls, decks, rivets, propellers, and other components, which can improve the corrosion resistance and strength of ships.

5000 series aluminum alloy for boat

5000 series aluminum alloy for boat

Mechanical Equipment

5000 series aluminum alloy is suitable for manufacturing various mechanical equipment components, such as hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems, electronic equipment, etc., with good strength and corrosion resistance.

Casting production process and its introduction

The purpose of melting and casting is to produce alloys with satisfactory composition and high purity of melt, so as to create favorable conditions for casting alloys of various shapes.

Melting and casting process steps: batching --- feeding --- melting --- stirring after melting, slag removal --- pre-analysis sampling --- adding alloy to adjust the composition, stirring --- refining --- static Setting——Guide furnace casting.

Hot rolling production process and its introduction

  • 1. Hot rolling generally refers to rolling above the metal recrystallization temperature;
  • 2. During the hot rolling process, the metal has both hardening and softening processes. Due to the influence of deformation speed, as long as the recovery and recrystallization process is too late, there will be a certain work hardening;
  • 3. The recrystallization of the metal after hot rolling is incomplete, that is, the coexistence of recrystallized structure and deformed structure;
  • 4. Hot rolling can improve the processing performance of metals and alloys, reduce or eliminate casting defects.
    • Hot rolling equipment

      Casting and rolling process

      Casting and rolling process: liquid metal, front box (liquid level control), casting and rolling machine (lubrication system, cooling water), shearing machine, coiling machine.

      • 1. The casting and rolling temperature is generally between 680°C and 700°C. The lower the better, the stable casting and rolling line usually stops once a month or more to re-stand. During the production process, it is necessary to strictly control the liquid level of the front tank to prevent low liquid level;
      • 2. Lubrication uses C powder with incomplete combustion of gas for lubrication, which is also one of the reasons for the dirty surface of casting and rolling materials;
      • 3. The production speed is generally between 1.5m/min-2.5m/min;
      • 4. The surface quality of products produced by casting and rolling is generally relatively low, and generally cannot meet products with special physical and chemical performance requirements.
        • Cold rolling production process

          • 1. Cold rolling refers to the rolling production method below the recrystallization temperature;
          • 2. There will be no dynamic recrystallization during the rolling process, and the temperature will rise to the recovery temperature at most, and the cold rolling will appear in a work hardening state, and the work hardening rate will be large;
          • 3. The cold-rolled sheet and strip have high dimensional accuracy, good surface quality, uniform structure and performance, and products in various states can be obtained with heat treatment;
          • 4. Cold rolling can roll out thin strips, but at the same time, it has the disadvantages of high energy consumption for deformation and many processing passes.
            • Casting rolling

              Introduction to finishing production process

              • 1. Finishing is a processing method to make the cold-rolled sheet meet the customer's requirements, or to facilitate the subsequent processing of the product;
              • 2. The finishing equipment can correct the defects produced in the hot rolling and cold rolling production process, such as cracked edge, oily, poor plate shape, residual stress, etc. It needs to ensure that no other defects are brought into the production process;
              • 3. There are various finishing equipments, mainly including cross-cutting, slitting, stretching and straightening, annealing furnace, slitter, etc.

Aluminum alloy has the characteristics of low density, good mechanical properties, good processing performance, non-toxic, easy to recycle, excellent electrical conductivity, heat transfer and corrosion resistance, so it has a wide range of applications.

Aerospace: used to make aircraft skins, fuselage frames, girders, rotors, propellers, fuel tanks, wall panels and landing gear struts, as well as rocket forging rings, spacecraft wall panels, etc.

Aluminum alloy used for aerospace

Aluminum alloy used for aerospace

Transportation: used for car body structure materials of automobiles, subway vehicles, railway passenger cars, high-speed passenger cars, doors and windows, shelves, automotive engine parts, air conditioners, radiators, body panels, wheels and ship materials.

Traffic application

Traffic application

Packaging: All-aluminum pop cans are mainly used as metal packaging materials in the form of thin plates and foils, and are made into cans, lids, bottles, barrels, and packaging foils. Widely used in the packaging of beverages, food, cosmetics, medicines, cigarettes, industrial products, medicines, etc.

Packaging application

Packaging application

Printing: Mainly used to make PS plates, aluminum-based PS plates are a new type of material in the printing industry, used for automatic plate making and printing.

PS printing

PS printing

Architectural decoration: aluminum alloy is widely used in building structures, doors and windows, suspended ceilings, decorative surfaces, etc. due to its good corrosion resistance, sufficient strength, excellent process performance and welding performance.

Aluminum alloy construction application

Aluminum alloy construction application

Electronic products: computers, mobile phones, refrigerator shells, radiators, etc.

Electronic product application

Electronic product application

Kitchen supplies: aluminum pots, aluminum basins, rice cooker liners, household aluminum foil, etc.

Kitchen application

Kitchen application

Packaging Of Aluminum Sheet/Coil

Every detail of packaging is where we pursue perfect service. Our packaging process as a whole is as follows:

Lamination: clear film, blue film, micro-mucosal, high-mucosal, laser cutting film (2 brands, Novacell and Polyphem);

Protection: paper corner protectors, anti-pressure pads;

drying: desiccant;

Tray: fumigated harmless wooden tray, reusable iron tray;

Packing: Tic-tac-toe steel belt, or PVC packing belt;

Material Quality: Completely free from defects such as white rust, oil spots, rolling marks, edge damage, bends, dents, holes, break lines, scratches, etc., no coil set.

Port: Qingdao or other ports in China.

Lead time: 15-45 days.

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F: Are you a manufacturer or a trader?

Q: We are a manufacturer, our factory is at No.3 Weier Road, Industrial Zone, Gongyi, Henan, China.

F: What is the MOQ for ordering the product?

Q: Our MOQ is 5 tons, and some special products will have a minimum order quantity of 1 or 2 tons.

F: How long is your lead time?

Q: Generally our lead time is about 30 days.

F: Do your products have quality assurance?

Q: Yes, if there is a quality problem with our products, we will compensate the customer until they are satisfied.

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